- /sudæn ˈwɔ/ (say soohdan 'waw)
an armed action in the Sudan beginning in the early 1880s when the British-backed Egyptian regime there unsuccessfully attempted to crush an indigenous rebellion led by Mohammed Ahmed (the Mahdi); in 1884 the British general Charles Gordon, sent to assist, was besieged in Khartoum which had been taken by the Mahdi's forces; a British expeditionary force, sent to rescue him and continue action against the rebellion, was joined by members of the NSW Contingent after Gordon was killed in January 1885; the campaign was abandoned in May 1885.
Also, Sudan campaign.
In March 1885 about 770 soldiers sailed from Sydney for Suakin, on the Red Sea, to join the British expeditionary force, following the offer of the acting premier of NSW, William Dalley, to send a contingent to help avenge Gordon's death. The British government accepted, declining later offers from other colonies. The men were the first volunteers sent by a self-governing colony to an imperial war. They saw little action: three soldiers and a war correspondent were wounded slightly; eight men died of illness. Dalley's gesture aroused much public enthusiasm, and some opposition, led by Sir Henry Parkes.
Australian English dictionary. 2014.
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